Art and Peoples of the Kharga Oasis
In 1908 The Metropolitan Museum of Art began to excavate late-antique sites in the Kharga Oasis, located in Egypt's Western Desert. The Museum's archeologists uncovered two-story houses, painted tombs and a church. They also retrieved objects that reveal the multiple cultural and religious identities of the people who lived in the region. The finds represent a society between the third and seventh centuries CE, a time of transition between the Roman and early Byzantine periods, which integrated Egyptian, Greek and Roman culture and art. This exhibition features some 30 works from these excavations, exploring the interpretation of ancient identities and artifacts and showing how archeological documentation can assist in understanding an object's original function.