In Search of Kings and Conquerors: Gertrude Bell and the Archeology of the Middle East
Born into British aristocracy in 1868, Gertrude Bell is famous for her dashing travel adventures to archeological sites in the Middle East—among them Babylon, Assur, Nimrud and Mosul; her association with T. E. Lawrence and Arab leaders; and her important contribution to British intelligence and the creation of Iraq. But when it comes to exploring the region’s ancient past, most of her 10 previous biographies indicate she was more of a dilettante than a serious archeologist, a legacy she craved. Cooper, who revisited many of Bell’s dig sites and pored over her papers, diaries and field notebooks, contends that her contributions to archeology are indeed valuable and given short shrift by earlier biographers. She cleverly connects Bell’s work to more recent excavations, all of which has become immensely useful with losses from the Syrian civil war. Despite her accurate observations, in many ways Bell still appears a dilettante: of her recording Mesopotamia’s Ukhaidir site 160 kilometers southwest of Baghdad, she said, “I shall publish it in a big monograph all to itself and it will make a flutter in the dovecotes.” Cooper’s volume is eminently readable for amateurs and professionals, especially with the inclusion of more than 100 Bell photos. Academic reception to Bell’s archeological work remains mixed.