Hassan Fathy: An Architectural Life
Esteemed Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy (1900–1989) regarded himself “as not simply a builder but a ‘scientist’”—a spiritual successor to ancient Egypt’s most-renowned architects, such as Imhotep and Amenhotep, who, in his words, “had a profound understanding of the widest implications … of architecture.” These ranged, in his estimation, from the practical (astronomy, mathematics) to the ethereal (philosophy). Despite these lofty job qualifications, the project for which Fathy is most fondly and reverently remembered is his plan for the village of New Gourna (1945–48), an affordable housing development partially built on the west bank of the Nile in Luxor. Using local materials, traditional building practices and energy-conservation techniques, Fathy envisioned what he termed “Architecture for the Poor,” also the title of his 1975 book on the project. This richly illustrated ode to Fathy’s life and career features essays by 11 Egyptian and international scholars.