Copyright and Permission for Reprinting Articles and Photos

Texts of articles copyrighted by AramcoWorld, Saudi Aramco World or Aramco World may be reprinted, either in print or electronically, without specific prior permission from Aramco Americas, provided the following three conditions are met:

1. The text must not be edited. Abridgement is permissible if the abridged text is approved by the editors and the credit states "Abridged from ...".

2. The name of the author, the full original article title, AramcoWorld, and the original issue of publication must all appear in the credits, which must be placed according to professional standards.

3. Either a printed copy or a link to the article must be provided to the editors.

This permission does not apply to articles or other material identified in the print edition or on this website as reprints or adaptations from other copyrighted sources, or to any other material identified in any way as being copyrighted by parties other than Aramco Americas, Saudi Aramco or its enterprise affiliates.

Photographs and illustrations require use-specific permission from AramcoWorld prior to republication. If an image download is required, request permission and order the image through the AramcoWorld Digital Image Archive; otherwise requests can also be made using the Feedback link or by emailing, subject line, "Image request: [your name]." Please note that not all images that appear in AramcoWorld are available.

Aramco Americas does not any fees for approved text and image uses.



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