Material culture, the various manufactured objects representative of a regional population, speaks volumes about past and present. Outside observers, such as the famed, mid-20th-century traveler Wilfred Thesiger, concluded that the peoples of the Arabian Peninsula were largely devoid of any such significant, cultural-defining objects. Others, with Orientalist envy, looked upon the region as the source of opulent treasures. This collection of scholarly essays rejects these narrow assessments by exploring the Arabian Peninsula’s “rich material culture” that includes fine metalwork, wood-carving, calligraphy (“a unique form of traditional Islamic art associated with the Holy Qurʾan,”) and traditional Bedouin crafts of weaving, pottery, leatherwork and more). Some, such as the kuffiya, the traditional Levantine head covering, “denote an Arab identity” whether worn by princes or the average citizen. And despite the march of modern economies, crafts such as al-sadu, colorful weaving used for tents and other furnishings, remain an enduring symbol of the region’s nomadic roots.